Common Metal Fabrication Processes You Need to Know

Metal fabrication refers to any procedure that cuts, forms, or molds metal material into a finished product. Rather than assembling an end product from prefabricated parts, fabrication develops a final product from raw or semi-finished materials. There are numerous fabrication manufacturing procedures to choose from.

Metal fabrication is used to produce both custom and stock items. Most custom metal fabrication items are made from various metals and alloys. Steel fabricators usually start with stock metal components to create a brand-new product, including sheet metal, rods, billets, and bars. 

What are the various types of metal fabrications?

Before a raw metal material can be utilized for production and assembly, it needs to be subjected to numerous metal fabrication processes. While these procedures can vary according to the metal’s intended use, they are all used in various structural, industrial, and decorative applications. Numerous fabrication procedures exist, and they are frequently integrated. These techniques include cutting, metal stamping, extrusion, and casting. 

Similarly, these production techniques are intended to highlight the qualities of metal and demonstrate its application diversity. If you are searching for custom metal fabrication in Philadelphia, you can ask for recommendations from the experts since this procedure requires precise calculations and accurate designs.


Perhaps the most generally heard metal fabrication procedure is cutting, which involves splitting metal sheets into halves or smaller pieces. The metal being cut is brand new in several circumstances and has yet to be molded into anything specific. Pre-shaped metals, such as bars and measured panels, are sent for cutting in other applications. Different machinery is used to make the cuts, ranging from simple lasers and plasma torches to much more complex, high-tech equipment.


Punching isn’t the only metal fabrication procedure that uses a die. Nonetheless, in other applications, the goal is not to create a hole but rather to lift a section of a metal sheet without penetrating it. Stamping is used to develop specific forms, letters, or images within a metal sheet. Like relief sculpting in wood or marble, metal stamping mimics this technique. 

Coins are a perfect example of stamping, where words, currency amounts, and presidents’ faces are stamped from each surface on pennies, nickels, pennies, and quarters. If you wish to set up an appointment with metal fabrication firms, you can visit their website and check the contact details page.


As suggested by the procedure’s name, forming is when various metal components are reshaped to create a new workpiece. Nothing is added or eliminated during this process, so the actual amount of metal will stay the same. This is most commonly executed using a brake press, which applies pressure on metal to create a crease. Other types of folding can be accomplished using a hammer and clamp bars that keep the metal in place. 


After the metal components are formed to the required shape, they must be assembled into the finished item. The separate parts are put together and normally kept in an area by clamps until they are fused. The pieces are bonded, screwed, riveted, or welded together. 

There are several types of welds, but the most regularly used is stick welding, which utilizes a welding gun to continually feed a metal rod onto the joint, melting it with an electrical current. If you want to learn more about how metal assembly works, click here.


There are many different metal fabrication processes that you’ve seen in this list, featuring cutting, stamping, forming, and assembling. As previously stated, these methods are utilized to fabricate a wide range of metal components, and each one has a specific application. Even though the list isn’t exhaustive, it should give you a clear idea of how vital the metalworking business is for other sectors and everyday life.